Online Exhibits@Yale

Other Early Collectors and Donors

Samuel Clark Harvey, 1886-1953

Samuel Clark Harvey, 1886-1953

Samuel C. Harvey, who grew up on a farm in Washington, Connecticut, graduated from Yale Medical School in 1911. Afterwards, he trained with Cushing at the Peter Bent Brigham Hospital and served with Cushing in the Harvard Unit in France in World War I. For 23 years, Harvey was chairman of the Yale Department of Surgery and Chief Surgeon of New Haven Hospital and then Grace- New Haven Hospital. An avid historian, Harvey authored a number historical articles and actively incorporated history into his surgical teaching. At the time of his death he was a member of the new Department of History of Medicine and was working on a general history of surgery. He was greatly admired for his directness, integrity, quickness and brilliance of mind, and Yankee wit.

Page from Chirurgie d'armée : ou traité des plaies d'armes a feu, et d'armes blanches, avec des observations sur ces maladies

Hughes Ravaton
Chirurgie d'armée
Paris: P. Théophile Barrois le jeune, 1768.
Gift of Samuel C. Harvey

"One of the most important works on military surgery during the 18th century. Ravaton, a skilful army surgeon, was the first to employ a tin boot, suspended on four rings for the ‘hanging’ position of broken bones. He was also the first to adopt the double-flap method in amputations.” (Garrison & Morton, 5th ed.) Works of surgery were among Samuel Harvey’s major collecting interests.

Samuel Clark Harvey Fund bookplate

Samuel Clark Harvey Fund bookplate,
12 x 9 cm.

Samuel Clark Harvey Fund bookplate used for purchasing current books on surgery for the Medical Library.

George Milton Smith, M.D., 1879-1951

George Milton Smith, M.D., 1879-1951

George Milton Smith bequeathed to the Historical Library in 1951 a magnificent collection of works on marine biology, especially ichthyology, including many fine illustrated works of the 16th and 17th centuries. Smith was a graduate of Yale College (1901) and received his M.D. from Columbia University. In World War I he served with the Yale Unit overseas (Mobile Hospital No. 39). Between the wars, he practiced medicine in Waterbury, Connecticut. His very active and significant research career focused on cancer, including comparative pathology of tumors in animals, and industrial medicine. From 1933 on, he was a research associate of the Yale Department of Anatomy. With their common bibliophilic interests, Smith and Cushing became good friends in the 1930s, and Cushing encouraged him to leave his treasures to Yale.

Plate from Animantium terrestrium, volatilium, et aquatilium effigies ad vivum depictae.<br />
[Images of Terrestrial, Flying, and Aquatic Animals Depicted from Nature].

Christian Egenolff , 1502-1555
Animantium terrestrium, volatilium, et aquatilium effigies ad vivum depictae.
[Images of Terrestrial, Flying, and Aquatic Animals Depicted from Nature].
Frankfurt: Heirs of C. Egenolph, 1562.

This is one of two early bestiaries donated by George Milton Smith as part of his ichthyology collection. The woodcuts, colored by hand, depict animals with their names printed above in Latin and German.

George Milton Smith bookplate

George Milton Smith bookplate
4.5 x 4.5 cm.

Bookplate of George Milton Smith found in all of the books that he donated.

Gertrude von Wagenen, Ph.D., 1893-1978

Gertrude von Wagenen, Ph.D., 1893-1978

Gertrude Van Wagenen, a Yale research scientist, bequeathed, through her brother, Anthony van Wagenen, her marvelous collection of illustrated anatomical works as well as goiter dolls and ivory anatomical manikins. Married to Crawford F. Failey, M.D., who inherited great wealth, she began collecting on travels abroad in the 1920s. Van Wagenen obtained her Ph.D. at the University of Iowa in 1919. Beginning in 1931, commuting from her home in New York City, she established a research laboratory and colony of macaque monkeys, at Yale, and carried out pioneering research on the reproductive biology of primates. Her modest official title as Research Associate in the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology and Lecturer in Anatomy, belied her many scientific achievements. Van Wagenen’s collection included several triple folio works such as the eighteenth-century color mezzotints of anatomies by Jacques Gautier d’Agoty.

Page from Tabvlae anatomicae LXXIIXX: omnes nouae nec ante hac visae.  [Anatomical Tables]

Giulio Cesare Casseri, ca. 1552-1616.
Tabvlae anatomicae LXXIIXX: omnes nouae nec ante hac visae.
[Anatomical Tables]
Frankfurt : Impensis & Coelo Matthaei Meriani, 1632.

This is an edition of one of the smaller-format anatomies donated by Dr. Van Wagenen, noted for its beautiful copperplate engravings. Casseri, an accomplished Italian professor of anatomy, was especially known for his research on the comparative anatomy of the larynx.

European ivory anatomical manikins of a male and a pregnant female

Anatomical Manikins

European anatomical manikins of a male and a pregnant female, 17th century, donated by Gertrude van Wagenen.

Other Early Collectors and Donors