The Rise of Anti-smoking Movements
Before government intervention, anti-smoking efforts were led by non-profit organizations such as the American Cancer Society and the American Lung Association. As early as 1961, the president of the American Cancer Society, along with presidents of the National Tuberculosis Association (later the American Lung Association) and others, issued a letter urging President Kennedy to create a commission on the health hazards of smoking. The landmark 1964 report Smoking and Health, Report of the Advisory Committee to the Surgeon General of the Public Health Service was the result. The National Tuberculosis Association issued a warning linking cigarette smoking and lung cancer in 1960, and introduced the “Kick the Habit” campaign in 1970. Since the 1970s, anti-smoking groups have targeted smoking in the workplace, in public places, and at home.